Ceramic Analysis of Temple B, Río Bec, Quintana Roo, México
Ceramic dating of Temple B of Río Bec falls within the predicted dates for this structure based upon the architectural style. The most significant construction at Río Bec occurs during the Bejuco ceramic period which is the same time that architectural construction begins in the surrounding areas (see Chart 20). This time marked the close of the Early Middle Classic with direct Teotihuacán influence and a period of consolidation when regionalism dominated the local scene. Río Bec-Chenes and Puuk areas begin to develop their own distinct architectural styles although borrowing occurs demonstrated by the row of colonnettes along the front of Temple B. The use of Puuk ceramics as well as some other Río Bec pottery that makes its presence felt throughout the Petén and Yucatán support this inter-regional exchange. This commonality in ceramics is not just confined to the Late Classic but begins as early as the Preclassic in what is known as Pakluum in the Río Bec area. In the early times Sierra Red is the most common ware, indicating that Río Bec is involved in exchange with other Maya areas. This exchange can be seen in a large number of other ceramic wares at Río Bec indicating that inter-site trade is occurring. The Fine Oranges seem to be especially common at Río Bec as well as the Puuk Slate Wares. Striated vessels make a strong presence throughout the complete history of Río Bec appearing to follow the same traditions as those at nearby Becán. Some variations in pottery styles occur with some rim shapes not being found in Balls ceramic typology of Becán. The variations are not common enough, however, to justify new types. Rather they seem to be aberrant forms. The House Mound 6G at Becán suggests much more ceramic activity and variation at that location. In total number there are three times the ceramics at House Mound 6G. Future analysis will concentrate upon what ceramics can tell us about sequential construction of rooms within Temple B, earlier phase construction and what, if any, the grid system surrounding the structure can tell us about ceramic type concentrations and any possible occupational zones.
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