ANCIENT BOOKS: Mixtec Group Codices
Mixtec place signs are composed of two parts, a geographical "substantive" and one or more "qualifiers." The qualifying elements are numerous. They can refer to colors and sizes of things, gods, numerals, calendrical signs, animals, plants, weapons, people
virtually anything. The geographical substantive are few in number and they always represent some landscape feature either natural or man-made.
|Yucu - Hill
|Yuta - River
|Ñuu - Town
|Yodzo - Plain
Jaltepec is an old Aztec term still used widely today. The proper Mixtec name is Añute, meaning Place of Sand. The Place sign indicates that it was once called Yucu Ñuu Añute or Hill of the Town at the Place of Sand. During the course of archaeological survey the actual palace of Lady Six Monkey was discovered on a low hill overlooking the modern town.
1Tilantongo is the old Aztec name for the kingdom of Eight Deer. The Mixtec name is Ñuu Tnoo-Huahi Andehui meaning Black Town-Temple of Heaven. The place sign signifies the name with a black frieze surmounted by a temple with a band of stars in the roof.
2Archaeologists have identified Huahi Andehui as the ruined temple-pyramid in the background of this photo taken at Tilantongo. The palace of Eight Deer appears in the process of excavation in the foreground.
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